Macrophage Inflammatory Proteins (MIP) belong to the family of chemotactic cytokines known as chemokines. In humans, there are two major forms, MIP-1alpha and MIP-1beta that are now officially named CCL3 and CCL4 respectively. C-C motif chemokine 3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CCL3 gene. Macrophage inflammatory protein-1 is a so-called monokine that is involved in the acute inflammatory state in the recruitment and activation of polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Diseases associated with CCL3 include Hiv-1 and Whiplash. Among its related pathways are PEDF Induced Signaling and LDL Oxidation in Atherogenesis. CCL3 is a cytokine belonging to the CC chemokine family that is involved in the acute inflammatory state in the recruitment and activation of polymorphonuclear leukocytes through binding to the receptors CCR1, CCR4 and CCR5.
Human CCL3 ELISA Kit employs a two-site sandwich ELISA to quantitate CCL3 in samples. An antibody specific for CCL3 has been pre-coated onto a microplate. Standards and samples are pipetted into the wells and any CCL3 present is bound by the immobilized antibody. After removing any unbound substances, a biotin-conjugated antibody specific for CCL3 is added to the wells. After washing, proprietary EliKine™ Streptavidin-HRP conjugates is added to the wells. Following a wash to remove any unbound streptavidin-enzyme reagent, a substrate solution is added to the wells and color develops in proportion to the amount of CCL3 bound in the initial step. The color development is stopped and the intensity of the color is measured.
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